An Introduction to the History of Islam

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History of Islam

Islam began in Saudi Arabia in 622 CE this is the year zero in the hegira calendar (the Islamic calendar) and is based on the words of Allah give to a man, Mohammed, (peace be upon him).

Islam was created by Allah at the beginning of time and in fact Muslims regard Adam as the first Muslim. Mohammed (peace be upon him), born in 570CE was the final messenger of Allah and it is through Mohammed (peace be upon him) Allah revealed the new faith to the world. There had been messengers before Mohammed (peace be upon him) and some of them were Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses and Jesus.

Mohammed (peace be upon him) was a political leader as well as religious leader which established a close connection between politics and religion which helped the faith spread more quickly and influenced life in many different countries.

Mohammad’s final sermon in 632CE highlighted what the heart of Islam was:

  1. Believe in one God without symbols
  2. Equality of all believers without distinction of race or class, the superiority of individuals being based solely on piety.
  3. Sanctity of life, property and honour
  4. Abolition of interest and of vendettas and private juistice
  5. Better treatment for women
  6. Obligatory inheritance and distribution of the property of the deceased persons among near relatives of both sexes and the removal of the possibility of the accumulation of wealth in a few hands.
570CE Birth of Muhammas (PBUH)
595CE Muhammad (P.B.U.H) and Khadijah were married
595 – 610CE Muhammad (P.B.U.H) became more and more interested in religion
610 – 613CE The prophet already had a unique reputation given the names of Al Amin, the Trustworthy and Al – Sadiq, the Truthful.
613CE There were around 30 Muslims in the world
613 – 619CE Persecution began against Islam and Muhammad (P.B.U.H)
619CE The boycott had been lifted
620CE Muhammad (P.B.U.H) met six men from Yathrib at the Uzak fair
621CE Five of the six men of Yathrib returned with seven more inhabitants of Yathrib
622CE The migration from Mecca to Yathrib
624CE – 628CE There were three main problems that faced Muhammad (P.B.U.H) even though it seemed they had ceased in 622CE
625CE Battle of Uhud
627CE Battle of the Trench
628CE The Treaty of Hudabiyah
630CE The treaty was broken as the Meccans foolishly attacked a clan which was under the protection of Muhammad (P.B.U.H)
632CE Muhammad (P.B.U.H) performed his last pilgrimage

A Short Introduction to Islam

Islam is the word in Arabic that means “to surrender yourself to the will of God”. If a person surrenders to the will of God they will achieve Peace and Security. A person can surrender to the will of Allah by living and thinking in the way Allah has instructed.

The Amazing Qur’an

by Gary Miller

Calling the Qur’an amazing is not something done only by Muslims, who have an appreciation for the book and who are pleased with it; it has been labeled amazing by non-Muslims as well. In fact, even people who hate Islam very much have still called it amazing.

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